How to Become a Physical Therapist in Florida: Education, Certification, and Career Tips

Dreaming of a career where you can help others regain their strength and mobility? Becoming a physical therapist in Florida might be your perfect path. This rewarding profession not only offers the chance to make a real difference in patients’ lives but also provides a stable and fulfilling career.

In this guide, you’ll learn the essential steps to becoming a licensed physical therapist in the Sunshine State. From educational requirements to licensing exams, we’ve got you covered. Whether you’re just starting your journey or looking to make a career change, understanding the process will set you on the right track. Let’s dive in and explore what it takes to turn your passion for helping others into a successful career in physical therapy.

Key Takeaways

  • Educational Pathway: Begin with an undergraduate degree in health sciences or a related field before pursuing a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree from an accredited program, as required for licensure.
  • Licensing Exams: Pass the National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE) and meet Florida-specific requirements, such as a background check, fingerprints, and a course on the Prevention of Medical Errors.
  • Gaining Experience: Engage in internships and residencies to gain hands-on experience, and consider specializing in areas like orthopedics or neurology to enhance career prospects.
  • Employment Opportunities: Explore diverse job settings such as hospitals, outpatient clinics, and private practices, which offer varied clinical experiences and opportunities for professional growth.
  • Market Demand: Benefit from the growing demand for physical therapists in Florida, driven by an aging population and a focus on rehabilitation, leading to increased job opportunities and competitive salaries.

Understanding the Role of a Physical Therapist

What Is Physical Therapy?

Physical therapy involves evaluating and treating individuals with physical impairments, disabilities, or injuries. Therapists use various techniques, such as exercises and manual therapy, to aid recovery and enhance patients’ functional mobility. The goal is to improve quality of life, reduce pain, and restore independence. Physical therapists often work in hospitals, outpatient clinics, and rehabilitation centers.

Key Responsibilities and Skills

Physical therapists perform patient assessments to create individualized treatment plans. They monitor patients’ progress to adjust treatments as needed. They educate patients and families about rehabilitation exercises and injury prevention. Strong communication skills help them explain complex information clearly. Critical thinking allows them to develop effective treatment strategies. Physical stamina is essential for performing manual therapy and guiding patients through exercises. These responsibilities ensure comprehensive care and positive patient outcomes.

Educational Requirements

Undergraduate Education

Before pursuing graduate education, complete an undergraduate degree. Most students choose a major in health sciences, biology, or a related field to meet prerequisites for physical therapy programs. Courses typically include anatomy, physiology, biology, chemistry, physics, and psychology. Aim for a high GPA since many graduate programs have competitive admissions.

Graduate Programs in Physical Therapy

Earn a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree from an accredited program. According to the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE), only DPT programs are eligible. These programs usually take about three years to complete and include both coursework and clinical rotations. Subjects covered include biomechanics, neuroscience, pharmacology, and evidence-based practice. After earning your DPT, pass the National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE) to be licensed in Florida.

Licensing Requirements in Florida

Passing the National Physical Therapy Examination

To practice as a physical therapist in Florida, you must pass the National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE). The Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy (FSBPT) administers the NPTE. The exam assesses your competency in areas such as clinical application, patient care, and physical therapy interventions. You must register for the NPTE through the FSBPT website and meet eligibility criteria, including completion of a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) program. Scoring 600 or higher on a scale of 200-800 qualifies you for licensure. To prepare, review practice questions and study guides to enhance your understanding.

Florida-specific Requirements

After passing the NPTE, comply with Florida-specific licensing requirements. You must complete a background check and submit fingerprints to the Florida Department of Health. The Board of Physical Therapy Practice mandates the completion of a two-hour course on the Prevention of Medical Errors. Proof of this course completion is required when submitting your licensure application. Additionally, ensure all required documents, including transcripts and proof of passing the NPTE, are sent to the Florida Board of Physical Therapy Practice. By meeting these state-specific criteria, you secure your license to practice in Florida.

Gaining Experience and Specialization

Internships and Residencies

Participate in internships and residencies to gain hands-on experience after completing your DPT program. Many clinics, hospitals, and rehabilitation centers offer internships where you can apply theoretical knowledge in practical settings. Invest in these opportunities to refine your skills under the supervision of experienced physical therapists, much like how a new gardener learns to care for plants under the guidance of a seasoned horticulturist.

Consider pursuing a residency program once you’ve graduated. Residencies provide advanced post-graduate training in physical therapy, often lasting 9-12 months. Engage in clinical practice, education, and research during a residency to increase your proficiency, especially if you aim for board certification. Residency programs can be as immersive as caring for horses in a veterinary training program, offering intense, hands-on experience.

Pursuing Specializations

Select areas for specialization to enhance your career prospects and provide specialized care to patients. The American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties (ABPTS) offers certifications in fields such as orthopedics, pediatrics, geriatrics, neurology, and sports therapy.

Earn a specialization by completing an accredited residency or collecting 2,000 hours of professional experience in the chosen area. Passing a board certification exam further validates your expertise. Specializing differentiates you from others in the field and allows you to command higher salaries and more significant job responsibilities. Much like how a breeder might specialize in specific types of cats or dogs, your specialization will allow you to offer targeted expertise and care to your patients. Just as a beautiful garden is adorned with a variety of flowers, a diversified specialization portfolio enhances your career landscape.

Employment Opportunities in Florida

Healthcare Facilities and Private Practices

Healthcare facilities and private practices offer numerous employment opportunities for physical therapists in Florida. You’ll find work in hospitals, rehabilitation centers, outpatient clinics, and nursing homes. These settings provide diverse patient populations and conditions, enabling you to apply your skills in various clinical scenarios. For instance, hospitals often treat acute injuries, while outpatient clinics frequently handle chronic conditions. Additionally, private practices offer the flexibility to specialize in areas such as sports therapy or geriatrics. These environments facilitate building long-term relationships with patients and allow for continuous professional development.

Growth and Demand for Physical Therapists in Florida

The demand for physical therapists in Florida is growing, driven by the aging population and increased focus on rehabilitation and physical health. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment of physical therapists is projected to grow 18% from 2019 to 2029, much faster than the average for all occupations. This rise in demand leads to increased job opportunities and competitive salaries. Additionally, Florida’s large retiree population amplifies the need for geriatric physical therapy services. Opportunities also expand in sports therapy, given the state’s active lifestyle and numerous sports teams. Engaging in continuous education and specialization enhances job prospects in this growing market.


Becoming a physical therapist in Florida offers a rewarding career with numerous opportunities for growth and specialization. By following the necessary educational paths and gaining hands-on experience, you can position yourself for success in this expanding field. With the state’s increasing demand for physical therapists, especially in specialized areas, you have a promising future ahead. Stay committed to continuous learning and professional development to maximize your career potential in Florida’s dynamic healthcare landscape.

Becoming a physical therapist in Florida requires obtaining a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree and passing both national and state licensure exams. The University of St. Augustine outlines the educational pathway, including optional residencies and certifications to enhance your career. For more detailed information on licensure and career advancement, the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) provides comprehensive resources.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the educational requirements to become a physical therapist in Florida?

To become a physical therapist in Florida, you need to start with an undergraduate degree followed by completing a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) program.

What are the key responsibilities of a physical therapist?

Physical therapists are responsible for creating personalized treatment plans for patients and often gain practical experience through internships and residencies.

Should physical therapists specialize, and what areas can they specialize in?

Yes, specializing can enhance career advancement. Physical therapists can specialize in orthopedics, pediatrics, geriatrics, neurology, or sports therapy.

What organization certifies physical therapy specialties?

The American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties (ABPTS) offers certifications in various specialty fields.

What are the employment opportunities for physical therapists in Florida?

In Florida, physical therapists can work in healthcare facilities, private practices, and diverse settings with various patient populations.

What is the job outlook for physical therapists in Florida?

The demand for physical therapists in Florida is growing, with a projected 18% job growth from 2019 to 2029.

Why is there a growing demand for physical therapists in Florida?

The aging population and increased focus on rehabilitation and physical health are driving the demand for physical therapists in Florida.

How can physical therapists enhance their job prospects?

Specializing in a specific area and engaging in continuous education can significantly enhance job prospects for physical therapists.